Title

Associate Professor

Contact details

• Phone: (+81) (0)75-762-2126
• E-mail: deroche.marchenri.6u[at]kyoto-u.ac.jp
• Office at Kyoto University Higashi Ichijo-Kan


Research fields

  • Philosophy / Religious studies / Ethics
  • Buddhist studies / Tibetan and Himalayan area studies

Current research topics

Philosophy as a “Way of Life”:

  • Transcultural philosophical inquiry, theories of meditation (body-mind techniques), and lifestyles aimed at human flourishing and resilience, with a focus on Buddhism and its threefold paradigm of the quest for wisdom: “listening, reflection and cultivation” (for an overview: link)
  • Mindfulness and self-awareness in Tibetan Buddhism: research on rDzogs chen’s canon, scholastic synthesis and philosophy of vigilance (JSPS Grant-in-Aid for Young Scientists B, No. 17K13328, FY 2017-2020)

Culture as the “Cultivation of Life”:

  • The role of “intangible cultural heritage” (UNESCO) or “traditional knowledge” (TK) for sustainable development
  • Cultural anthropology and philosophy of Asian traditional medical systems (Tibet and the Himalayas)

Classes taught at Kyoto University

At GSAIS/Shishu-Kan

  • “Philosophy of Mind: Cross-cultural Approach and Practical Applications”
  • “The Preservation of the Knowledge Heritage of Humanity”
  • “The Kyōto School: Tradition and Potentialities” (with Professor Fujita Masakatsu & Professor Izumi Takura)
  • “Introduction to Human Survivability Studies” (with all the faculty)

At the Faculty & Graduate School of Letters

  • “Tibetan Civilization” ([Year 2017] Reading of the work by Prof. Rolf A. Stein)
  • “Buddhist Schools in Tibet: History and texts” ([Year 2017] The 9 Vehicles of the rNying ma pa School: Reading of the Man ngag lta ba’i phreng ba attributed to Padmasambhava)

Kathmandu (Nepal), Boudhanath

Profile

Born in Poitiers, France, I have focused my studies and research on living Buddhist traditions, particularly in Tibet and the Himalayas where I have travelled extensively, as well as in Japan, my country of adoption since 2008. I carry Bachelor and Maîtrise in cultural anthropology (Bordeaux University) with minor in philosophy; Diploma in Tibetan language and civilization (INALCO, Paris); DEA and then PhD (2011) in Religious and Asian studies (École Pratique des Hautes Études, Paris). I have also studied in the Department of Buddhist studies at Kyoto University as grantee of the scholarship of the Japanese Ministry of Education (MEXT) from 2008 to 2013.

My doctoral publication and forthcoming book, Une quête tibétaine de la sagesse: Prajñāraśmi (1518-1584), and many publications have investigated ecumenism in Tibet by studying eclectic works on Indo-Tibetan lineages of scholastic exegesis and yogic practices, with the analysis of the traditional model of threefold wisdom: “listening, reflection and cultivation.” I have been a collaborator of Prof. Matthew T. Kapstein’s CNRS research project in Paris on the history of philosophy in Tibet. In 2013, I was selected as Hakubi Assistant Professor in Buddhist studies at Kyoto University, and I have researched and published about the philosophy of mind of the “Great Perfection” (Tib. rDzogs chen). I have been active in various transdisciplinary projects including the organization of “Mapping the Mind,” a dialogue in Kyoto of cognitive scientists with H.H. the Dalai Lama, co-hosted in 2014 by the Mind and Life Institute with Kyoto University’s Kokoro Research Center (link).

In 2015, I took my current position as Associate Professor in GSAIS, Shishu-Kan, in the section of philosophy and humanities. From the point of view of “advanced integrated studies in human survivability,” my contribution proceeds according to two axes: (1) philosophy as a “way of life” (expanding French philosopher Pierre Hadot’s approach to world and Buddhist philosophy) and (2) culture as the “cultivation of life” (inspired by the phenomenology of Michel Henry). My methodology seeks to integrate both humanistic approaches and clinical perspectives, combining philological (historical and linguistic) research, fieldwork research, and philosophical investigation in collaboration and dialogue with cognitive scientists and clinicians. Addressing thus the problematic of the preservation and re-actualization of ancient wisdom traditions in the contemporary world, I draw an important inspiration from the so-called Kyōto School (in particular Nishida Kitarō, Nishitani Keiji, as well as their relation with Zen training and Japanese arts).
Kyōto, Shugakuin Imperial Villa
  1. Based on a transcultural approach, I examines philosophical discourses, theories of meditation (body-mind techniques), and lifestyles aimed at wellbeing and resilience, with a focus on Buddhism, from India to Japan and to the West, and its threefold paradigm of the quest for wisdom: “listening, reflection and cultivation”. I specializes on mindfulness and self-awareness in Tibetan Buddhism, researching rDzogs chen’s canon, its scholastic synthesis and philosophy of vigilance.

  2. I investigate the role of “intangible cultural heritage” (UNESCO) or “traditional knowledge” (TK) for sustainable development, with a specific interest in Asian traditional medical systems (especially Tibet and the Himalayas), analysing their epistemology and phenomenology of bodily experience as well.
Buddhist personification of Wisdom (Tibetan contemporary painting)
The hands represent the three steps of “listening” (holding a book),
“reflection” (a vajra) and “cultivation” (in meditation pose)


ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENTS

Books

1. Deroche, M.-H. Une quête tibétaine de la sagesse: Prajñāraśmi (1518-1584). Louvain: Brepols Publishers, Collection des Hautes Etudes, Section des sciences religieuses, in preparation.

Edited books

2. Deroche, M.-H., Schapiro, J., Kumagai, S., and Gurung K. N. (eds) Revisiting Tibetan Religion and Philosophy: Proceedings of the International Seminar of Young Tibetologists in Paris, Revue d’Études Tibétaines. Paris: Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, n° 22, November 2011. (Also Printed in India, Dharamsala: Amnye Machen Institute, 2012.)

3. Deroche, M.-H. and Bouazza, H. (eds) Islam-Dharma. Rencontre à cœur ouvert. Saint Hugon: Prajñā Publications, 2004.

Articles in Journals

4. Deroche, M.-H., Yasuda, A. (in Japanese) 「ゾクチェンにおける三智(ye shes gsum)の理論 ―ロンチェンパの解釈とその典拠に関する考察―」(Japanese shorter version of the English paper below). Kyoto: 日本西蔵学会会報 (Nihon [Seizou/] Chibetto Gakkai Kaihou, Journal of the Japanese Society of Tibetan Studies), No. 62, March 2017, pp. 13-23.

5. Deroche, M.-H. (In Japanese) 「チベット仏教におけるリメ(無偏)のアプローチ― 歴史、哲学、文化保存 ―」 (“The Impartial Approach (ris med) in Tibetan Buddhism: History, Philosophy, and Cultural Preservation”), Sangha Japan, Vol. 2, July 2016, pp. 573-582.

6. Deroche, M.-H., Yasuda, A., “The rDzogs chen Doctrine of the Three Gnoses (ye shes gsum): An Analysis of Klong chen pa’s Exegesis and His Sources.” Paris: Revue d’Etudes Tibétaines, no. 33, October 2015, pp. 187-230.

7. Iyanaga, N., Deroche, M.-H. “De la notion d’universalisme et de son usage dans les études bouddhiques. Éléments de synthèse des travaux réalisés au colloque franco-japonais de Kyōto.” Tokyo: Bulletin de la Société franco-japonaise des études orientales, 日仏東洋学会の広報誌『通信』, 37/38, 2015, pp. 59-67.

8. Deroche, M.-H. ‟Recherches sur l’école des Anciens et l’approche impartiale au Tibet: Le rôle de Prajñāraśmi (1518-1584).” Tokyo: Bulletin de la Société franco-japonaise des études orientales, 日仏東洋学会の広報誌『通信』, 37/38, 2015, pp. 1-20.

9. Deroche, M.-H. “History of the Forgotten Mother Monastery of the Ancients’ School: The dPal ri Monastery in the Valley of the ‘Tibetan Emperors.’” India, Gangtok: Bulletin of Tibetology, 49-1, 2013, pp. 77-112.

10. Deroche, M.-H. (in Japanese) 「チベットにおける折衷主義の価値 -19世紀のRis med運動に関する研究-」(“The Value of Eclecticism in Tibet: Research on the 19th century Ris med movement”). Kyoto: 日本西蔵学会会報 (Nihon [Seizou/] Chibetto Gakkai Kaihou, Journal of the Japanese Society of Tibetan Studies), 58, July 2012, pp. 15-28.

11. Deroche, M.-H. “Sherab Wozer (1518-1584).” In The Treasury of Lives: Biographies of Himalayan Religious Masters. New York: Rubin Museum of Art, electronic publication (consulted on 14/12/2011, URL: http://treasuryoflives.org/biographies/view/Sherab-Wozer/8964), 2011.

12. Deroche, M.-H. “Instructions on the View (lta khrid) of the Two Truths: Prajñāraśmi’s (1518-1584) Bden gnyis gsal ba’i sgron me.” In Revisiting Tibetan Religion and Philosophy: Proceedings of the International Seminar of Young Tibetologists in Paris. Revue d’Études Tibétaines. Paris: Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, 22, November 2011, pp. 139-213.

13. Deroche, M.-H. “Les huit lignées de la pratique de la tradition tibétaine.” Saint Hugon: Garuda, n° 2, 2008, pp. 8-9.

14. Deroche, M.-H. “Jamgön Kongtrul le Grand (1813-1899). Vie et œuvre du grand érudit accompli universaliste.” Saint Hugon: Dharma, n° 50, 2005, pp. 63-71.

15. Deroche, M.-H. “Humanisme et tradition du Bouddha. Rencontre entre Lama Denys et Edgar Morin.” Saint Hugon: Dharma, n° 45, 2003, pp. 113-115.

Book Chapters

16. Deroche, M.-H. “La présence (sati) au cœur de la voie du Bouddha” in Humanisme et Mindfulness, une éducation pour le XXIe siècle. Paris: Albin Michel, forthcoming.

17. Deroche, M.-H. “Quelle sagesse pour le XXIe siècle? Philosophie transculturelle des approches basées sur la mindfulness” in Humanisme et Mindfulness, une éducation pour le XXIe siècle. Paris: Albin Michel, forthcoming.

18. Deroche, M.-H. ‟Along the Middle Path, in Quest for Wisdom: The Great Madhyamaka in Rimé Discourses.” In The Other Emptiness: Perspectives on the Zhentong Buddhist Discourse in India and Tibet, Klaus-Diether Mathes and Michael Sheehy (eds). New York: State University of New York Press, forthcoming.

19. Deroche, M.-H. ‟Instructions on the Great Perfection. Jamgön Kongtrul.” In A Gathering of Brilliant Moons: Practice Advice from the Rimé Masters of Tibet, Holly Gayley and Joshua Schapiro (eds). Boston: Wisdom Publications, forthcoming 2017, pp. 285-302.

20. Deroche, M.-H. “’Phreng po gter ston Shes rab ’od zer (1518-1584) on the Eight Lineages of Attainment: Research on a Ris med Paradigm.” In Contemporary Visions in Tibetan Studies. Proceedings of the First International Seminar of Young Tibetologists, Brandon Doston et al. (eds). Chicago: Serindia Publications, 2009, pp. 319-342.

Articles for Science Communication

21. Deroche, M.-H., (French & English) “Les exercices bouddhiques du corps-esprit : contexte tibétain et enjeux transculturels”/ “Body-Mind Buddhist Exercises: Tibetan Context and Transcultural Issues.” Editorial for the Réseau Asie & Pacifique (GIS, CNRS, Paris, France), French Network for Asian Studies, online publication: http://www.gis-reseau-asie.org/monthly-articles/exercices-bouddhiques-corps-esprit-contexte-tibetain-enjeux-transculturels-marc-henri-deroche (accessed 2017/07/18), April 2017.

22. Deroche, M.-H. (In Japanese)「仏(フランス)哲学から仏教学への道」(“The Path from French Philosophy to Buddhist studies”), 『京大広報』, Kyoto University Public Relations, 721, April 2016, p. 4620.

23. Deroche, M.-H. “An Inquiry into the Nature of Mind. Research on Buddhist Sources from the Himalayas.” Kyoto University Research Activities, vol. 4-2, September 2014, p. 22.

24. Deroche, M.-H. “An Inquiry into the Nature of Mind. Buddhist Philosophy and Interdisciplinary Dialogue.” The Kyoto University Hakubi Center Newsletter, vol. 8, August 2014, p. 8.

Review

25. Deroche, M.-H. “STEIN Rolf Alfred., La civilisation tibétaine, Paris : L’Asiathèque, Collection « Langues et Mondes », 1996, 252 pp.” Paris: IESR - Institut européen en sciences des religions, online publication consulted on 07/04/2009, URL : http://www.iesr.ephe.sorbonne.fr/index5719.html

Translations

26. French translation from the English with consultation of the original Tibetan texts of chapter 5 “Esotérisme et aristocratie: les premiers Sa-skya-pa” of the book project Pour une esquisse historique de la pensée philosophique au Tibet directed by Matthew Kapstein (Paris, CRCAO, UMR 8155 of the CNRS, with the funding of the Trace Foundation).

27. French translation from the English with consultation of the original Tibetan texts of chapter 10 “L’alliance sa-skya-pa-mongole” of the book Pour une esquisse historique de la pensée philosophique au Tibet directed by Matthew Kapstein (Paris, CRCAO, UMR 8155 of the CNRS, with the funding of the Trace Foundation).

28. French translation of Tibetan extracts published in Matthew Kapstein, “Les pensées tibétaines.” In Philosophies d’ailleurs: Tome 1, Les pensées indiennes, chinoises et tibétaines, Roger-Pol Droit (ed.). Paris: Hermann, 2009, pp. 323-384.

Presentations in an International Conference

29. Deroche, M.-H. “Saving the Humanity of Humanity: Re-Actualizing the Cultivation of Self-Knowledge from the Perspective of World Philosophy.” At the World Humanities Conference: Challenges and Opportunities for a Planet in Transition, Co-organized by the UNESCO and the International Council for Philosophy and Human Sciences (CIPSH), Liège, Belgium, 10/08/2017.

30. Deroche, M.-H., Rappleye, J. “Listening, Reflection and Cultivation: Buddhist Quest for Wisdom & Paradigm for Contemplative Studies.” At the International Symposium of Contemplative Studies, organized by the Mind and Life Institute, San Diego, CA, USA, 12/11/2016.

31. Deroche, M.-H., “The ‘Impartial’ (ris med) Approach in Tibetan Buddhism: History, Philosophy and Cultural Preservation.” Kyoto University and Sikkim University Joint Workshop on Human Survivability and Philosophy, Gangtok, India, 21/03/2016.

32. Deroche, M.-H., “Listening, Reflection and Cultivation: Traditional Learning Model in Bhutan and New Approach in Kyoto University.” Kyoto University and Bhutan Royal University International Symposium on Emerging Sciences for Wild Life and Culture in Bhutan, Kyoto University, 11/7/2016.

33. Deroche, M.-H., Yasuda, A. (in Japanese) 「ゾクチェンにおける三智(ye shes gsum)の理論 ―ロンチェンパの解釈とその典拠に関する考察―」, 63th conference of the Japanese Association of Tibetan Studies (第63回日本西蔵学会大会), Shitenoo University, Osaka, 15/10/2015.

34. Deroche, M.-H. “Quelle sagesse pour le XXIe siècle? Perspectives de Kyōto.” At the International Conference “Humanisme et mindfulness. Une éducation pour le XXIe siècle.” Institut Pleine Présence, Arvillard, France, 13/09/2015.

35. Deroche, M.-H. “From Non-Sectarianism to the Great Equanimity: the Notion of Impartiality in Tibet.” At the International Conference “Bouddhisme et Universalisme”「仏教と普遍主義」, Kyoto University, Institute for Research in Humanities, 4/10/2014.

36. Deroche, M.-H. “Impartiality and Contemplation: On the Meaning of the Term Ris med in Mahāmudra and rDzogs chen.” 17th Conference of the International Association of Buddhist Studies, University of Vienna, 20/08/2014.

37. Deroche, M.-H. “Heartfelt ‘Mind Instructions’: Inquiry into Tibetan Contemplative Traditions and Literature.” Poster presented at the Summer Research Institute of the Mind and Life Institute, Garrison, New York, 16/06/2013.

38. Deroche, M.-H. (in Japanese)「チベットにおける折衷主義の価値 -19世紀のRis med運動に関する研究-」, “The Value of Eclecticism in Tibet: Research on the 19th century Ris med movement”). 59th conference of the Japanese Association of Tibetan Studies (第59回日本西蔵学会大会), Shuchiin University, Kyoto, 22/10/2011.

39. Deroche, M.-H. “The Middle Path of Eclecticism: The Ris med Dialectic of ’Jam mgon Kong sprul’s Great Madhyamaka.” 16th conference of the International Association of Buddhist Studies (IABS), Dharma Drum College, New Taipei, 23/06/2011.

40. Deroche, M.-H. “The ’Phyong rgyas Dpal ri theg chen gling Monastery Founded by ’Phreng po gter ston Shes rab ’od zer (1518-1584): History and Contributions to the Renaissance of the Rnying ma School and to the Non-Sectarian (ris med) Movement.” 12th conference of the International Association for Tibetan Studies (IATS), British Columbia University (UBC), Vancouver, 19/08/2010.

41. Deroche, M.-H. “The Lamp Illuminating the Two Truths: Study of the Bden gnyis gsal ba’i sgron me written by Prajñāraśmi alias ’Phreng po gter ston Shes rab ’od zer (1518-1584).” Second International Seminar of Young Tibetologists (ISYT), École Normale Supérieure, Paris, 8/09/2009.

42. Deroche, M.-H. “Research on some sources of the Ris med movement: the works of Gter ston Shes rab ’od zer (1518-1584).” First International Seminar of Young Tibetologists (ISYT), School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS), London, 12/08/2007.

Guest Lectures and Oral Communications

43. Deroche, M.-H., (in Japanese) 「東洋を経由して、西から西へ―「聞・思・修」と「知への愛」(フィロソフィア)―」 (“From the West to the West, Through the East: ‘Listening, Reflection and Cultivation’ and the ‘Love of Wisdom’ (philosophia)”), ミニワークショップ世界哲学の課題――東と西の架橋・越境 (Mini-Workshop on “The Question of World Philosophy: East-West Bridging and Crossing”), Kyoto University, GSAIS, 28/06/2017.

44. Deroche, M.-H., (in Japanese) 「宗教と科学 ― 同じ? 反対? 相補的?」(“Science and Religion: Same? Opposite? Complementary?”), Joukyouji Temple, Kyoto, お寺で宇宙学, Space Studies in Temples, co-organized by Kyoto University’s Unit for Space Studies, Kyoto 27/11/2015.

45. Deroche, M.-H. “The Essence of the Impartial (ris med) Approach: Some Reflections on Tibetan Buddhism and Beyond.” Kathmandu University, Centre for Buddhist Studies at Rangjung Yeshe Institute, Kathmandu (Nepal), 20/03/2014.

46. Deroche, M.-H. “Renouveaux de l’école ancienne (rnying ma) et approche impartiale (ris med) au Tibet: la filiation de Prajñāraśmi (1518-1584).” Institut des Langues et Civilisations Orientales (INALCO), Paris, 23/10/2013.

47. Deroche, M.-H. “L’essence de l’approche impartiale (ris med) dans le bouddhisme tibétain.” Université Rimay Nalanda (France), 27/08/2013.

48. Deroche, M.-H. “La contemplation en Orient et en Occident: une approche comparée du Dzogchen et du néoplatonisme.” Université Rimay Nalanda (France), 28/08/2013.

49. Deroche, M.-H. “Memory, Revelation and Authority: The Treasures’ (gter ma) Tradition from the Ancient Tibetan Empire to the Fifth Dalai Lama.” Kyoto Lectures organized by the École française d’Extrême-Orient (EFEO), the Scuola Italiana di Studi sull’Asia Orientale (ISEAS) and the Institute for Research in Humanities of Kyoto University, Kyoto University, Kyoto, 15/03/2012.

50. Deroche, M.-H. (in Japanese) 「フランスから見た仏教」(“A French Perspective on Buddhism”), Heijôkyô Rotary Club, Nara, 4/11/2012.

51. Deroche, M.-H. “Les grands personnages de ‘l’étude, de la réflexion et de la méditation’ bouddhiques (thos bsam sgom) au Tibet. Étude des traités de L’Ambroisie d’Immortalité (’Chi med kyi bdud rtsi), XVIe siècle.” EPHE, Doctoral Meeting, Paris, 6/12/2007.

52. Deroche, M.-H. “Forme et vacuité : les phases de création et de perfection dans l’ascèse tantrique indo-tibétaine.” EPHE, Interdisciplinary Meeting of PhD Candidates, Paris, 12/02/2005.

REFERENCES IN MASS MEDIA

53. Mention in Brillaud, R. “L’expérience pure selon le Zen,” La Vie. Hors-série: Êtes-vous intelligent ?, Paris, France, April 2016, p. 25.